CO2GeoNet publiceert Europese status inzake CCS (Carbon Capture and Storage)

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TKI Nieuw Gas
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CO2 GeoNet

Het rapport getiteld “State-of-play on CO2 geological storage in 32 European countries — an update” is een vervolg op een overzicht van 8 jaar geleden. Het geeft een uitstekend overzicht van de ontwikkelingen op het terrein van CCS, projecten (in voorbereiding en voltooid), beleid, onderzoek en maatschappelijk draagvlak. Onderstaande ‘summary’ bevat meer informatie.  

The role of CO2 capture and storage (CCS) within the portfolio of available greenhouse gas (GHG) emission-reduction options is currently under discussion in many European countries. Several full-chain CCS projects are evolving, particularly around EU-supported Projects of Common Interest for large-scale, cross-border CO2 transport infrastructures in the North Sea area. Promising developments are also evident in other European regions. These recent developments motivated the CO2GeoNet Association to prepare an update on the state-of[1]play on geological storage of CO2 in Europe. This update builds on the 2013 report “State of play on CO2 geological storage in 28 European countries” (Rütters et al. 2013) that was published under the “Pan-European Coordination Action on CO2 Geological Storage” (FP7 CGS Europe project). For the current report, reflecting the state-of-play as of 30th June 2021, contributions using a questionnaire were collected from 32 European countries – 25 EU Member States (excluding Malta and Luxemburg) as well as Bosnia and Herzegovina, Iceland, Norway, Switzerland, Turkey, UK and Ukraine. In addition to the countries covered in the 2013 report, information is now included on Bosnia and Herzegovina, Cyprus, Iceland, Switzerland, and Ukraine; no information was obtained on Serbia for this report. The completed questionnaires are provided in the report annex. Contributors were asked to provide information on the following topics: 1) national policies and climate-protection strategies; 2) national legislation and regulations; 3) national storage options, potential and capacity; 4) large-scale and demonstration CCS projects, pilot and test sites for CO2 capture, transport and storage; 5) research activities with respect to CO2 storage; 6) national actors driving CCS forward, public awareness and engagement. The main findings from the national contributions in the context of the European CCS landscape are discussed extensively in the report.

Ii is concluded that the information compiled in this report reveals clear progress in Europe since 2012 in bringing CCS back onto national agendas to help to meet climate targets. This includes a move from research to implementation, developing CCS networks with hubs and clusters, the emergence of companies and sites offering a “CO2 transport and storage service” and PCI creating nuclei/stimuli to advance projects. Updates of national storage capacity assessments have been reported by the majority of countries that responded to the questionnaire, underlining the necessity for preparation of a consolidated and up-to-date European CO2 storage atlas to encompass these recent data as well as to collect new data. The wide range of activity and knowledge levels across Europe underpins the continued need for pan-European knowledge exchange, technology transfer and cooperation on all aspects of CCS – legislation and regulation, research and development, large-scale infrastructure and project planning and advancement – to rapidly deploy CO2 capture, transport and storage at the scale required for significant CO2 emission reduction in Europe.

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